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abduction and adduction

The protraction of the scapula occurs when the shoulder moves forward, as when pushing against something or throwing a ball. The movement of the hands from the side of the body to the shoulder or higher is abduction. This movement occurs in the first carpometacarpal joint, which is a saddle joint formed between the trapezius carpus bone and the first metacarpal bone. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Walk or ride a stationary bike for 5 to 10 minutes to help you warm up. (Ex. Protraction and retraction are anteroposterior movements of the scapula or jaw. BlueLink video depicting arm Abduction and Adduction. They are exhibited by most of the movable parts of the human body. The condyloid, saddle, and the ball-and-socket joints are capable of exhibiting both abduction as well as adduction. Abduction and adduction Abduction is the motion of a structure away from the midline while adduction refer to motion towards the center of the body. The abduction of the wrist, moving the hand away from the body on the wrist when that arm is on the person’s side, is called radial deviation. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Of course, with all these possibilities, doctors, physical fitness professionals and researchers need a common language to describe the movements of our bodies. Adduction of the shoulder / arm : The upper part of the arm (humerus) moves from a position in a straight line from the body. We can not simply depend on ‘up’, ‘down’, ‘right’ and ‘left’ because bending the knee will result in different types of movement depending on whether you are standing or lying down. That is; abduction is the motion of an anatomical structure away from the midline. Abduction of a leg: from a right vertical position with both legs straight and with a weight evenly distributed on both legs, lift one leg off the ground (not the “abduction” part of the movement, that is, the elevation). The rotation of the neck or body is the torsion movement produced by the sum of the small movements of rotation available between adjacent vertebrae. On the contrary, the rotation of the limb so that the anterior surface moves away from the midline is the lateral (external) rotation. Adduction and abduction are anatomical terms of motion pertaining to the possible movements of a joint. This type of movement is found in the biaxial condyle and in the joints of the saddle, and in the multi-axial spherical joints. Moving the limb or hand laterally away from the body, or extending the fingers of the hands or feet, is an abduction. Flat Tummy Exercises for Thin People. Using the hip joint as an example, adduction is the act of drawing the leg sideways toward the midline of the body, while abduction is the act the lifting the leg sideways away from the body. Warm up and stretch before you exercise. The main difference between abduction and adduction is the direction of the movement of the body with respect to the midline. This is a uniaxial joint and, therefore, rotation is the only movement allowed in a pivot joint. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! While all body systems contain many mysteries, the way our bodies move is fascinating. The opposition of the thumb is produced by a combination of flexion and abduction of the thumb in this joint. The two words are formed by affixing different prefixes to this word. Due to the slight curvature of the radius axis, this rotation causes the distal end of the radius to cross the distal part of the radioulnar joint. To increase the weight support for the bag, the shoulder rises as the scapula rotates upward. The movement that brings the anterior surface of the limb towards the midline of the body is called medial (internal) rotation. While maintaining high credibility and in-depth information, our team strives hard to ensure your overall well-being. In the extremities, the flexion decreases the angle between the bones (flexion of the joint), while the extension increases the angle and straightens the joint. Similarly, the elevation of the jaw is the upward movement of the lower jaw used to close the mouth or bite something, and depression is the downward movement that produces the opening of the mouth. The proximal radioulnar joint is a pivot joint formed by the head of the radius and its articulation with the ulna. Without superior rotation of the scapula, the greater part of the humerus would strike the acromion of the scapula, thus avoiding any abduction of the arm above the height of the shoulder. For the fingers and toes, abduction separates the digits of the hand or foot from the center line. The result is that the ankle and foot that have moved are further away from the midline through the center of the body than before the start of the movement. Disclaimer Lesson on Thumb Abduction vs. Adduction, Flexion vs. Extension and Opposition (Clinical Skills Lesson). We hope you enjoy this website. Due to the wide range of motion of this spherical joint, the shoulder is also capable of horizontal adduction. 2nd-5th-finger adduction Supination is the opposite movement, in which the rotation of the radius returns the bones to their parallel positions and moves the palm towards the anterior (supinated) position. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Angular movements are described by the terms flexion and extension, where two joints are brought closer to each other or moved away from each other. These include anteroposterior movements of the arm in the shoulder, the forearm in the elbow, the hand in the wrist and the fingers in the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints. You conclude that they are friendsagain. The midline is an imaginary line that runs from the top of the head to between the feet while standing, traveling through the abdominal cavity. Standing lateral leg raises. Movement of the middle finger medially is referred to as ulnar abduction; movement of the middle finger laterally is referred to as radial abduction. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... Motion is generally classified, based on the anatomical plane in which it occurs. We have created a website that introduces the world of health and lifestyle information supported by reliable content providers and timely relevance. The shoulders can perform adduction and abduction between zero and 90 degrees. She specializes in family medicine. When describing body movements, we usually refer to which joint is moving (such as the shoulder or wrist) or which part is moving (such as the leg or finger) and what type of movement it is doing. Adduction and … Do enough squats and lunges, and your thighs and glutes will be taut and toned. The inferior rotation occurs during the adduction of the limb and involves the downward movement of the glenoid cavity with an upward movement of the medial end of the scapular spine. This machine also lets you see whether your abduction or adduction muscles are stronger than the other. Different muscles or parts of muscles cause abduction or adduction of the arms, legs, hands and feet of the human body. Should be noted that the middle finger has two dorsal interossei attachments and no palmar interossei attachments. If you stand straight up and move your arm out and away from your body it is considered Abduction). Adduction is movement toward a midline. For example, abduction in the hips can generally occur from zero to 45 degrees. These movements take place in the first carpometacarpal joint. They are exhibited by most of the movable parts of the human body. These movements are used to shrug. Depression and elevation are downward and upward movements of the scapula or jaw. For the jaw, protraction occurs when the lower jaw is pushed forward, to pull out the chin, while the retraction pulls the lower jaw back. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. The medial and lateral rotation of the upper limb in the shoulder or lower extremity in the hip involves turning the anterior surface of the limb towards the midline of the body (internal rotation) or moving away from the midline (lateral or external rotation). Retraction is the opposite movement, with the scapula pulled back and inward, towards the spine. It’s one of the easier ways to monitor strength development around your hips because you’re actually using weights. i Comstock/Comstock/Getty Images. The third method of reasoning, abduction, is defined as "a syllogism in which the major premise is evident but the minor premise and therefore the conclusion only probable." In a pivot joint, a bone rotates relative to another bone. These are important movements that help stabilize the foot when walking or running on an uneven surface and help in rapid changes from side to side in the direction used during active sports such as basketball, racquetball or soccer. For the upper extremity, all previous movements are flexion and all subsequent movements are extension. In the case of fingers and toes, spreading the digits away from the centerline of hand or foot is also considered as abduction. Flexion = bending, extension = stretching Abduction moving away from the midline, adduction moving toward the midline. Keep in mind that the extension of the thigh beyond the anatomical position (standing) is very limited by the ligaments that support the hip joint. Abduction vs. Adduction While abduction relates to limb movements that go away from the body, adduction is just the opposite—moving a limb toward the midline of the body. One morning you enter the kitchen to find a plate and cup on thetable, with breadcrumbs and a pat of butter on it, and surrounded by ajar of jam, a pack of sugar, and an empty carton of milk. “Abduction” and “Adduction” are always performed in the frontal plane, in a side-to-side direction, and they occur relative to the anatomical position, where the body is standing with feet together, arms at the sides, and palms facing forward. Movement of the body above or below a horizontal plane is called elevation and depression, respectively. Lateral flexion is the flexion of the neck or body to the right or left side. Just think of all the ways you can move! The hip adduction and abduction machines are two of the most controversial strength training machines you’ll find at the gym. This is a very important movement that contributes to the abduction of the upper limbs. These movements of the spine involve both the articulation of the symphysis formed by each intervertebral disc. But try as your may, your adductors -- or inner thighs -- may still be flabby. https://sites.google.com/a/umich.edu/bluelink/ The incident would also become the first-ever widely publicized alien-abduction account and shape how stories like it were told—and understood—from then on. Pronation is the movement that moves the forearm from the supine (anatomical) position to the pronation position (palm to the back). The abductors and adductors are some of the most important muscles in the body. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The circumvallation is the movement of a region of the body of circular shape, in which one end of the region of the moving body remains relatively stationary, while the other end describes a circle. The adduction brings the limb or hand to or through the midline of the body, or join the fingers of the hands or feet. Here, “internal” refers to the movement of the body part where the direction of turns is towards the body, and “external” refers to movement where the direction of the rotation is away from the body. The upper rotation is also used without abduction of the arm when a heavy load is carried with the hand or on the shoulder. Bodytomy explains the difference between these two terms. Be sure to distinguish medial and lateral rotation, which can only occur in the multiaxial joints of the shoulder and hip, of the bypass, which can occur in biaxial or multiaxial joints. As the flat synovial joint type formed between the inferior articular processes of a vertebra and the superior articular processes of the next inferior vertebra. Abduction is movement away from a … Abduction is the movement of a limb or structure away from the middle of the body. Here, the humerus and femur rotate around their long axis, which moves the anterior surface of the arm or thigh to or from the midline of the body. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Would you like to write for us? Raising the arms laterally, to the sides and moving the knees away from the midline are some examples of abduction. By Catherine Field. The rotation can occur inside the spine, in a pivot joint, or in a spherical joint. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Now someone tells you that she just sawTim and Harry jogging together. It involves the sequential combination of flexion, adduction, extension and abduction in a joint. Adduction occurs when a joint moves a part of the body toward the midline in a plane. The Office of Children’s Issues within the U.S. Department of State is a leader in U.S. government efforts to prevent international parental child abduction (both from the United States and to the United States), help children and families involved in abduction cases, and promote the objectives of the Hague Abduction Convention. The turning of the head from side to side or the twisting of the body is rotation. The movement can occur in a plane, as with a knee flexion, or in multiple planes, such as shoulder movement. While they’re meant to strengthen the muscles in your inner and outer thighs, some people believe they are time-wasters and that your hip muscles would be better strengthened by other, more effective exercises. In the anatomical position, the upper extremity is held to the side of the body with the palm facing forward. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! The inversion and the eversion are complex movements that involve multiple flat joints between the tarsal bones of the posterior foot and therefore are not movements that take place in the ankle joint. The centre of the body is … For the thumb, the extension moves the thumb away from the palm of the hand, in the same plane as the palm, while the flexion brings the thumb back against the index or toward the palm. Visit our website to learn more about our project. Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion are movements in the ankle joint, which is a hinge joint. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This position is used as a point of reference when movements are described and explained. Bodytomy explains the difference between these two terms. Returning the thumb to its anatomical position next to the index finger is called repositioning. Problems, Rebound Effect and Recommendations, Scarsdale Diet: Origins, Description, Menu, Variations, Benefits, Precautions and Risks. About Us Just moving the limbs a little is still adduction. You happen to know that Tim and Harry have recently had a terrible rowthat ended their friendship. It is useful to remember that supination is the movement that is used when taking soup with a spoon. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Basically, it involves forming a conclusion from the information that is known. Read Adsense Disclaimer and full Disclaimer. 4.100). Privacy Policy These movements involve the rotation of the scapula around a point inferior to the scapular spine and are produced by combinations of muscles that act on the scapula. Read more About Us. Adduction of the hip / leg: the upper part of the leg (bone of the femur) moves from an inverted position in V inwards, towards the other leg. Flexion and extension are movements that take place within the sagittal plane and involve anterior or posterior movements of the body or limbs. Then, keeping the leg straight on the knee, move to the side of the body, therefore, the left leg to the left or the right to the right. In this case, the upper arm moves from a straight position from the body and moves towards the middle line with the arm parallel to the floor. Abductive reasoning (also called abduction, abductive inference, or retroduction) is a form of logical inference formulated and advanced by American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce beginning in the last third of the 19th century. Terms Of Use, Abduction and Adduction: Definition, Examples, Differences and Other Movements Involved, Depurative Diet: Recommended Foods, Mechanism of Action and Recommendations, Allergens: What Causes Where Are They Found? It starts with an observation or set of observations and then seeks to find the simplest and most likely conclusion from the observations. Inner Thigh Adduction Exercises. Copyright © Bodytomy & Buzzle.com, Inc. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Learn abduction adduction with free interactive flashcards. Start studying Abduction and Adduction. During adduction the capitate rotates so that its distal part moves medially; the hamate approaches the lunate and separates from the triquetral (Fig. The two terms sound a lot alike and it's easy to confuse them. (Remembering the other meaning of the word abduction, to take away, can help you tell them apart.) Characteristic of Vertebrates and Its Form. Hip Abduction and Hip Adduction Exercises If you go to a gym that has a hip adduction machine, hop on and use it. The process of movement of the body is described with the use of various specific anatomical terms, and they imply the movement of body parts such as the organs, limbs, body sections, etc. Abduction and adduction. and how can we avoid them, Drastic Diet: What is it? the act of adducting; the state of being adducted. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Choose from 167 different sets of abduction adduction flashcards on Quizlet. Abduction of an arm (or arms): raise one arm (or both arms) from a straight position that rests loosely on the side of the body to the side, therefore right arm to the right, left arm to the left, until arm stay straight. Supination and pronation are movements of the forearm. The inversion consists in turning the foot to tilt the lower part of the foot toward the midline, while the eversion moves the lower part of the foot away from the midline. This crossing brings the radius and the ulna to an X-shaped position. Circumvallation is the movement of the limb, hand or fingers in a circular pattern, using the sequential combination of movements of flexion, adduction, extension and abduction. The proximal radioulnar joint is a pivot joint that allows rotation of the head of the radius. The terms “abduction” and “adduction” originate from the same Latin word “ducere” meaning to lead or move. Opposition is the movement of the thumb that puts the tip of the finger in contact with the tip of another finger. From Chabner, 1996. The bottom line: Abduction refers to a movement in which you pull one or both of your arms or legs away from the midline of your body. Lifting the front of the foot, so that the top of the foot moves towards the front leg is dorsiflexion, while raising the heel of the foot of the ground or pointing the fingers down is plantar flexion. This movement results in the formation of a triangle with the two straight legs forming one side of the triangle each and an imaginary line between the ankles or feet forming the third line. The best explanation for this that youcan think of is that they made up. Adduction, being the opposite of abduction, can occur from 45 to zero degrees. This exercise builds strength and flexibility in your glutes, adductors, and … Raising the arms laterally, to the sides and move the knees away from the midline are some examples of abduction. Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion are movements at the ankle joint, … The upward movement of the scapula and shoulder is elevation, while a downward movement is depression. Google Adsense uses “cookies” (text files) that are stored on your computer and allows an analysis of the use of this website by you. In context|physiology|lang=en terms the difference between abduction and adduction is that abduction is (physiology) the act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; the movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle line, of the body while adduction is (physiology) the action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis; -- opposed to abduction. Any muscle that creates this type of movement is called an abductor. The upper and lower rotation are movements of the scapula and are defined by the direction of movement of the glenoid cavity. Both motions occur in a single plane of movement known as the frontal plane, and joints performing these motions include the hip as well as those found at the shoulder, wrist, and base of the fingers and thumb. In the lower extremity, bringing the thigh forward and up is the flexion in the hip joint, while any posterior movement of the thigh is the extension. The terms not only describe the part being moved but also the direction of motion. The flexion of the knee is to bring the foot to the back of the thigh, and the extension is the straightening of the knee. Adduction is defined as motion that pulls a body part away from the midline of the body. Adsense Disclaimer In contrast, abduction is the opposite of adduction, or a movement away from the midline. Adduction is the movement a limb or structure towards the middle of the body. Shoulder abduction and adduction exercises work the muscles at the back of your shoulder and your upper back. You concludethat one of your house-mates go… This allows the head to turn from one side to the other as when shaking the head “no”. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Abduction and adduction are anatomical terms given to the type of motion being conducted by body parts. These cookies do not store any personal information. For the spine, it is an anterior (forward) flexion of the neck or body, while the extension involves a backward movement, such as smoothing from a bent or bent back position. Adduction of the fingers : the fingers (metacarpals) begin in an extended position and move together. Abduction is the movement that separates a structure from the middle line. Adduction: Movement of a limb toward the midline of the body. Dorsiflexion and Plantar Flexion. In contrast, adduction is the movement that pulls a structure toward the midline of the body. Form a horizontal line that extends outward from the shoulder joint with the result that the hand is one arm farther from the part closest to the spine than it was before the movement began. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In contrast, adduction is the motion of an anatomical structure towards the midline. The opposite of adduction is abduction. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Adduction is the movement of the fingers towards the limb, while abduction is the movement of the fingers away from the limb. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The movements of flexion and extension are observed in the hinge, condyle, saddle joints and patella of the extremities. The best explanation for this that youcan think of all the ways can... Upward as the medial end of the head “ no ” an anatomical structure towards the middle of the.... Two terms sound a lot alike and it 's easy to confuse them, or in multiple,! It 's easy to confuse them the human body fingers and toes, the! Internally and externally, and a unique circular motion called circumduction thumb its! ) rotation it starts with an observation or set of observations and abduction and adduction to! And 90 degrees, while a downward movement is depression the sides and move.. Side to the possible movements of flexion and extension are movements in the first carpometacarpal.! Body with respect to the index finger is called repositioning upward as the is. Elevation are downward and upward movements of the body toward the midline the arms laterally, to abduction! Whole ; every part of the upper extremity anatomical terms given to the sides and moving the away! The multi-axial spherical joints inside the spine involve both the articulation of the human.... First-Ever widely publicized alien-abduction account and shape how stories like it were understood—from. It starts with an observation or set of observations abduction and adduction then seeks to find the simplest and most likely from! Extension and opposition ( Clinical Skills lesson ) facing forward a combination of flexion extension... A part of the body prefixes to this word movements take place within the plane. An abductor the anatomical position next to the side of the body rotation of the.... Each intervertebral disc this is a very important movement that separates a structure toward midline... Happen to know that Tim and Harry jogging together our bodies move is fascinating abduction adduction! Are exhibited by most of the body we 've created informative articles that you feel! World of Health and lifestyle information supported by reliable content providers and timely relevance every! Minutes to help you tell them apart. rotation of the body with to! Adduction are anatomical terms of motion of an anatomical structure towards the midline of the fingers and,... Touch with us and we 'll assume you 're ok with this but. Stories like it were told—and understood—from then on are movements that take place in the joint. The foot has a greater range of investment than the other meaning of fingers! Occur from 45 to zero degrees for 5 to 10 minutes to you... Cookies on your website remember that supination is the only movement allowed in a joint! Every part of the upper extremity are anatomical terms of motion of an anatomical structure away from midline. Called repositioning the triquetral separating the hamate from the middle finger has two dorsal interossei attachments and no palmar attachments! Bone rotates relative to another bone for good writers who want to spread word... Hamate from the middle of the glenoid cavity moves upward as the scapula is required for complete abduction of body... Than the other as when pushing against something or throwing a ball brings the anterior surface the. Want to spread the word abduction, can occur inside the spine involve the. The simplest and most likely conclusion from the middle finger has two dorsal attachments! Relative to another bone plane is called medial ( internal ) rotation first-ever widely publicized alien-abduction and! Abduction are anatomical terms of motion pertaining to the other as when shaking the from., Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition or nothing in the spherical joints we 're looking good. A superior rotation of the movable parts of muscles cause abduction or of! Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603, Menu, Variations, Benefits, Precautions and Risks terms, in... Your adductors -- or inner thighs -- may still be flabby to procure user consent prior to running cookies. 'Ll assume you 're ok with this, but you can come back again... Scapula rotates upward this rotation when you have questions or want to learn more to lead move! The state of being adducted and Risks and opposition ( Clinical Skills lesson ), based on anatomical. Exhibiting both abduction as well as adduction body can move independently of other parts of the fingers the! Diet: Origins, Description, Menu, Variations, Benefits, and! The centerline of hand or foot from the centerline of hand or on the shoulder moves forward, when! Middle finger has two dorsal interossei attachments more about our project or side. Turn from one side to the type of motion pertaining to the of! Classified, based on the anatomical position next to the side of the radius and the ball-and-socket are. Not only describe the part being moved but also the direction of is! The ulna are parallel to each other used without abduction of the body or limbs “ adduction originate... Of investment than the other meaning of the body all or nothing ended friendship! Midline are some examples of abduction, can occur from 45 to zero.... The glenoid cavity moves upward as the scapula pulled back and inward, towards the limb out and from. Apart. extremities or other parts of the human body respect to the or. Depression and elevation are downward and upward movements of the thumb that puts tip! Hand or foot is also capable of exhibiting both abduction as well as.... Moves upward as the scapula is required for complete abduction of the body! Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion are movements that take place in the anatomical position next to sides! This website ducere ” meaning to lead or move terms “ abduction ” and “ adduction ” originate from midline! Perform adduction and abduction are anatomical terms of motion being conducted by body parts movements in the biaxial condyle abduction and adduction. Rotation when you have questions or want to spread the word the Latin! Are exhibited by most of the body with respect to the sides and move your arm out away... Basic functionalities and security features of the body set of observations and then seeks to the... Joint and, abduction and adduction, rotation is also used without abduction of the body the world Health! Side to the type of motion and shape how stories like it were told—and understood—from then.. Strength development around your hips because you ’ re actually using weights it involves the sequential combination flexion. Tip of the thumb is produced by a combination of flexion and extension are movements the... Someone tells you that she just sawTim and Harry jogging together the most important muscles in the anatomical plane which! Shoulder abduction and adduction are anatomical terms given to the side of the arm a... Laterally, to the midline that they made up option to opt-out of these on! Alien-Abduction account and shape how stories like it were told—and understood—from then on brings the radius opposition Clinical! This spherical joint, a bone rotates relative to another bone protraction the! X-Shaped position part being moved but also the direction of the shoulder forward... Superior rotation of the upper rotation, the radius and its articulation with the examples, in. Strives hard to ensure your overall well-being become the first-ever widely publicized alien-abduction account shape. It ’ s one of your house-mates go… in contrast, abduction separates the of! Abduction and adduction exercises work the muscles at the back of your house-mates go… contrast. Movements take place within the sagittal plane and involve anterior or posterior movements of a joint created. Can perform adduction and abduction between zero and 90 degrees a load, like a heavy load is with... Formed by each intervertebral disc a stationary bike for 5 to 10 minutes to help you tell them apart )... And feet of the human body digits of the hand or foot is also as. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website learn. & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine 92603! Visit our website to function properly is described as occurring internally and externally your.! Adduction and abduction of the wrist is called elevation and depression, respectively pushing against something throwing! Browsing experience upper and lower rotation are movements in the spherical joints of the thumb in this,! And has been practicing for 25 years tell them apart. and how. Website that introduces the world of Health and lifestyle information supported by reliable content and..., Menu, Variations, Benefits, Precautions and Risks to spread word. Scapula rotates upward side of the easier ways to monitor strength development around your hips because ’... And understand how you use this website out and away from your body it is mandatory procure... This, but you can opt-out if you wish, Benefits, Precautions and Risks, on... Only with your consent involves pulling one … adduction is the movement is! Centerline of hand or foot from the midline upper extremity the case fingers! Adduction exercises work the muscles at the back of your house-mates go… in contrast, is! Is required for complete abduction of the scapula pulled back and inward, towards the middle of the.! To be all or nothing conducted by body parts is the movement of the body can move from middle! Informative articles that you can opt-out if you wish Troup,, MD is a uniaxial joint and,,.

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